What Is Dry Cleaning

How Does a Dry Cleaner Wash Your Clothes?

There are two types of garment cleaning: wet cleaning and dry cleaning. Dry cleaning is suitable for delicate fabrics and other clothes which cannot be washed by water. Dry cleaning is a method to wash dirt and stains by using a solvent instead of water. This is a very effective way to remove fatty stains, without changing the garment shape and altering the texture and the color of the fabric materials. Dry cleaning is less effective for washing dirts that are easily soluble in water.

What is Dry Cleaning?

Dry cleaning uses fluids to remove soil and stains from fabric. In fact, the term "dry cleaning" is misleading; it is called dry cleaning because the fluid contains little or no water and does not penetrate the fibers as water does.

Among the advantages of dry cleaning is its ability to dissolve greases and oils in a way that water cannot. Drycleaning helps to return garments to a "like-new" condition using precautions to prevent shrinkage, loss of color, and fabric distortion.

The dry cleaning process begins with the pretreatment of spots and stains using special cleaning agents. The garments are then loaded into a machine resembling an oversized front-loading home washer. Throughout the cleaning process the fluid is filtered and distilled to ensure its clarity.

What is wet cleaning?

Wet cleaning starts with the pretreatment of spots and stains using special cleaning agents. Wet cleaning is the process of removing soils from garments and other textile items through the use of water and additives (such as detergent) and using precautions to prevent shrinkage, loss of color, and fabric distortion.

What is laundering?

Special detergents, additives, and finishes sets commercial laundering apart from home laundering. This process enables your cleaner to offer consistent quality shirts at reasonable prices.

Make the Following Checks When Sending Clothes to a Dry Cleaner:

  • Read care instruction labels of clothes. Check garment materials and any handle-with-care signs. If these are made of materials which cannot be washed in water, they have to be sent to a dry cleaner.
  • If there are any stains, please let us know at the time of drop-off. If you know what caused the stains, you should tell the cleaner about them.
  • Empty all pockets.
  • Keep the receipt from the cleaner.

The Importance of Care Labels

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) requires that manufacturers attach a permanent care label to textile garments to provide directions for their care. Manufacturers must list at least one method of safe care for a garment. The rule covers all textile clothing except footwear, gloves, hats, suede and leather clothing, and household items such as linens. The rule stipulates that the care label is easily found, will not separate from the garment, and will remain legible for the garment's useful life. The label must warn about any part of the recommended care method that would harm the garment of other garments cleaned with it. It must also warn when there is no method for cleaning a garment without damaging it.

Symbols also may appear on a care label to supplement written instructions.

How Can You Help Your Clothes and Your Cleaner?

  • Bring your garments in for professional cleaning as soon as possible after staining occurs. Stains or soils left too long may become permanent.
  • Discuss any stains with your cleaner.
  • Keep perfumes, lotions, deodorants, antiperspirants, and other toiletries away from your clothes. These products likely contain alcohol which will damage some dyes.
  • Protect garment, especially those made of silk, from excessive perspiration, as this can cause dyes to discolor.
  • Protect your garments from prolonged exposure to direct light.
  • Don't press stained or soiled clothing, as the heat may set some stains.